Osteoarthritis is often referred to as ‘wear and tear’. This occurs mainly in cartilaginous joints, such as the spine, hip and knee. As we get older the cartilage covers the joint surfaces begin to wear away and eventually will result in joint surfaces rubbing against each other stimulating the growth of bony spurs. The bony spurs may reduce the range of motion available at that joint. An example of this is when an individual suffers from an osteoarthritic hip they are stuck in a slightly flexed position.
Overuse and inflammation of a joint is the main cause of osteoarthritis. Risk factors for the developing this condition earlier includes family history, obesity, and age. Symptoms include crepitus (crackling sound on movement), pain, morning stiffness, locking/ giving way sensation.